Skin Disorders
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Ichthyosis

There are currently over twenty different types of Ichthyosis. It is a skin condition that causes dry, tough, cracked, and rough skin. This condition can give skin the appearance of fish scales. This is a condition that can be either inherited or acquired. Ichthyosis is caused by a mutation of the genes and the symptoms are usually noticeable within the first few years of life. Most people are not even aware of the symptoms of ichthyosis when they experience them. Most forms of ichthyosis are very rare, except for ichthyosis vulgaris. Symptoms can be noticed mostly on the face and head, but can be found all over the body. The only parts of the body that are spared are the bends of the arms and legs. It can affect all ages, genders, and races.

Symptoms of Ichthyosis

  • Dry skin that cracks at the creases and folds
  • Thickening of the skin, especially on the palms
  • Rough or scratchy skin that flakes
  • Skin that feels like the scales of a fish

Problems Caused By Ichthyosis

  • Getting Too Hot. The normal temperature of the skin can be affected by ichthyosis because it reduces the body's ability to sweat.
  • Low Mobility. The dryness of the skin can cause pain when trying to move. Patients cannot move certain parts of their body without experiencing extreme pain.
  • Infection. Those who suffer from ichthyosis often suffer from a secondary infection. These skin infections can lead to systemic infections.
  • Diminished Hearing And Eye Sight. It is possible for skin to begin to build up around the ears and the eyes, making it difficult to hear or see.

Treatment Options For Ichthyosis

  • Moisturize and Exfoliate. After a shower or a bath, use a foot file or pumice stone to exfoliate the dead skin from your body painlessly. This can help with the build up of skin to avoid bigger problems in the future. Once you have removed as much as the dead or flaky skin as possible, apply lotion to the cracked or dry places on your body on a regular basis. This can help trap in as much moisture as possible inside of the skin. It is best to apply the lotion as soon as you get out of the shower or bath tub.
  • Medication. Your doctor can recommend ointments and cream that you can apply directly to the sin to avoid scaling and cracking. Your doctor can also provide oral retinoids like acitretin. This treatment option can also prevent scaling. If you are suffering from a secondary infection your doctor can provide you with an oral antibiotic.
  • Thoroughly Brush Your Hair. Use a fine toothed comb to comb your hair as close to the scalp as possible. This can help remove some of the dry and flaky skin from your head.

Ichthyosis is a not a curable skin condition, but it is one that can be treated and prevented if the correct actions are taken. Following the advice of your doctor or dermatologist can help you keep this condition under control.

More Skin Disorders
 
   Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis
   Leg Ulcers
   Lentigo Maligna
   Leprosy
   Leukemia Cutis
   Livedo Reticularis
   Localized Infection
   Lupus Erythematosus
   Lyme Borreliosis
   Lymphogranuloma Venereum
   Lymphomatoid Papulosis
   Malignant Melanoma of the Mucosa
   Mammary Paget's Disease
   Mastocytosis Syndromes
   Measles
   Melasma
   Merkel Cell Carcinoma
   Metastatic Cancer to the Skin
   Molluscum Contagiosum
   Mycetoma
   Mycobacterium Fortuitum Complex Infection
   Mycobacterium Marinum Infection
   Mycobacterium Ulcerans Infection
   Necrobiosis Lipoidica
   Neisseria Gonorrhoeae Infections
   Neurofibromatosis
   Nodular Melanoma
   Nodular Vasculitis
   Nongenital Herpes Simplex Virus Infection
   North American Blastomycosis
   Onychomycosis
   Oral Hairy Leukoplakia
   Oropharyngeal Candidiasis
   Other Viral Infections
   Papulosquamous Conditions
   Pediculosis Capitis
   Pediculosis Pubis
   Pediculosis
   Photoallergic Drug Induced Photosensitivity
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   Phytophotodermatitis
   Pitted Keratolysis
   Pityriasis Versicolor
   Polyarteritis Nodosa
   Polymorphous Light Eruption
   Porphyria Cutanea Tarda
   Port-Wine Stain
   Premalignant and Malignant Skin Tumors
   Pressure Ulcers
   Pruritic Urticarial Papules
   Pseudoxanthoma Elasticum
   Pyogenic Granuloma
   Radiation Dermatitis
   Raynaud's Disease
   Reiter's Syndrome
   Rocky Mountain Spotted Fevers
   Rosacea
   Rubella
   Xanthelasma
   Xanthomas
   X-Linked Hyper-IgM Syndrome
   Xeroderma Pigmentosum
   Yaws
   Yellow Fever
   Yellow Nail Syndrome
   Zygomycete
   Zinc Deficiency

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